How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
Multicultural Competency in Counseling
Guest articles > Multicultural Competency in Counseling
by: Dinah Daniel Paki
Culture is considered to be “…the configuration of learned behavior and results of behavior whose components and elements are shared and transmitted by the members of a particular society” (Linton, 1945:32) Culture exerts its influence in every part of one’s life. Therefore it is not surprise that it affects one’s health and health seeking behaviors.
Since culture has a strong sway on mental health there is a growing need to conduct more studies to ascertain the extent of its influence. It is very closely intertwined with mental health and the counseling field. So much so that multicultural and diversity considerations are included in the Code of Ethics of the American Counseling Association. We will briefly see some of the ways how the client’s and the clinician’s culture can effects the counseling process.
Influence of the Client’s Culture:
Influence of the Health Professional’s Culture:
Thus we can see that culture has a very strong influence in the counseling process as it can manipulate both the mental health professional and the client. Research and growing knowledge in this field has produced substantial results such as the inclusion of the “Outline for Cultural Formulation” in the DSM-IV which deals with five aspects of the cultural context of mental illnesses and their application to diagnosis and interventions. Therefore it is imperative that the health care professional to have multicultural competencies in order to provide service to the highest standard.
Ms. Dinah Daniel Paki
Berrien Springs, Michigan
Contributor: Dinah Daniel Paki
Published here on: 28-Mar-10