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Three Motivations to Work

 

Explanations > Motivation > Three Motivations to Work

Task | Self | Interaction | See also

 

In their study of motivation, Bass and Dunteman (1963) classified professional workers into three types.

Task-oriented

These people are largely motivated by the work they do. They like to get their heads down and develop great product, beat sales targets and so on.

In teams, they interact relatively little with others and succeed best when given jobs which they are work largely by themselves.

Self-oriented

These are primarily motivated by personal success and recognition. They are interested in work primarily as a means of achieving their own goals.

In teams, they need to be managed carefully. With suitable praise and reward they will flourish. There is also a risk that they will grab the glory from others and otherwise poison a harmonious working climate.

Interaction-oriented

These people are socially motivated and enjoy working with other people. They make good team-players and work best when engaged in collaborative work. They may also succeed in support positions where they help others to achieve goals.

See also

Identity, Needs

 

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