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Max-Neef Needs

 

Explanations > Needs > Max-Neef Needs

Description | Discussion |  So what?

 

Description

Max-Neef (1992) describes nine different needs:

  • Subsistence: health, food, shelter, work
  • Protection: being cared for, having choice and autonomy
  • Affection: being respected, loved, having fun, friends
  • Understanding: Thinking, curiosity, investigating, learning
  • Participation: Duties, responsibilities, work, collaboration, opinions
  • Leisure: Imagination, fun, games, dreaming
  • Creation: Boldness, invention, designing, building
  • Identity: Belonging, esteem, self-knowledge, religion, values
  • Freedom: Autonomy, passion, equality, choice, exploration, awareness

Discussion

Max-Neef defined needs as being fulfilled by satisfiers, which themselves are defined as ‘...everything which, by virtue of representative forms of being, having, doing and interacting, contributes to the actualisation of human needs’.

So what?

Understand Max-Neef needs in the context of other models. Find which works for you or even use a combination. Understand your own needs and those of others and leverage needs gaps to persuade.

See also

Max-Neef, M.A,. Elizalde,A. and Hopenhayn, M. (1991) Human Scale Development. The Apex Press

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