The UK and Europe: A love-hate relationship
If you stand in America, Europe can be seen as something like the USA, only a
form of 'United States of Europe'. After all, there is a kind of Western-world
cohesion about it. They have a Union. Many use the euro currency. So why do they
seem to be constantly bickering?
The reality of Europe is better understood by looking back at its history.
For centuries, we have argued and fought with one another. Boundaries have
changed. Countries have gained and lost dominance. And old feuds simmer and
simmer. We all have stereotypes about one another, and perhaps some of them are
partly true. And yet we know we are all in Europe, and that there are many ties
that bind us, including religion, collaborations, wars (and the alliances
therein) and so on. The European Union itself came out of a desire to avoid
future conflict, yet itself is a source of endless niggles.
Europe and the EU is also a source of much political division within parties,
notably within the UK Conservative party, which has for long been split by pro-
and anti-European sentiment. This has come very much to the fore in the
referendum last Thursday about whether we should stay or leave. Other parties
were mostly for remaining, apart from the vocal right, most notably UKIP (The
United Kingdom Independence Party), which specializes in populizing fascist
views such as in demonizing immigrants, shrinking the state, increasing the
military and so on.
Interestingly, there has been a surge in love from other European countries
as they tried to persuade us to remain with them. Maybe this is because the UK
has been a net contributor to the EU. Or maybe they think we add wisdom to the
mix. Maybe. Britain has historically interfered and fought with European
countries on a number of occasions, often winning. Europe is full of countries
who think they are better than the other countries. Britain feels invulnerable,
after nearly 1000 years of not being conquered. Germans feel superior, and have
good evidence in such as their successful economy, though having lost to the UK
in World War 2 (and a few other countries, of course, but which are largely
ignored by UK historians). The French have been harried by the UK for centuries,
then embarrassed by being rescued by the UK twice in the 20th century. We have
also argued with the Dutch, Portugal, Spain and a host of other countries. It is
no surprise that our friendships can get a little strained at times.
More persuasively, everyone from President Obama to collections of business
leaders and Nobel laureates have pleaded with the UK population to remain in the
EU. This weight of opinion persuaded me, though I believe there are no easy
escape routes. Europe will continue to have its troubles. The euro will continue
to wobble. Migrants from elsewhere will continue to arrive. Internal squabbles
and bullying will not stop. Yet if we are do to anything about such issues, we
just have to keep talking with them all. Glorious isolation doesn't work in this
A curious but perhaps unsurprising source of 'leave' votes came from
traditional right-wing Labour voters. Yet this is not that surprising as this
group includes many who feel disenfranchised and abandoned by successive
governments, including the right-leaning Labour government of 1997-2010. The
result is that they seek change without thinking too hard about the effect that
change will bring. Anyone who taps their anger (as done so expertly by Donald
Trump in America) can swing this large voting bloc. It is frustrating that
people are persuaded so easily, though this site in particular should not be
The result, as much of the world knows, is that the UK public voted 52% to
leave the EU (vs. 48% to remain). The fallout has already been massive, with the
pound falling, trillions wiped off shares. Much of the commercial damage is due
to confusion. Markets do not like uncertainty and will sell what they do not
understand. David Cameron (Prime Minister) will be resigning, Jeremy Corbyn (the
Leader of the Opposition) facing mutiny and the people who led the Brexit charge
seemingly bereft of any detail about what they will do next. Scotland, who voted
'remain' will want to leave the UK and join the EU, though Spain says they will
veto this as they fear similar moves by their own independence-minded regions.
What will happen next? Who knows. There has been a public petition calling
for parliamentary discussion about a new referendum that has gained over 3
million signatories in a few days. If we continue the Brexit course, then we'll
likely get a more right wing government. They will try to negotiate with Europe
for a new trade deal, but will be punished for disloyalty and as a lesson to
others who may want to leave.
What a mess!
Designing online trust
Most of us have interacted online with other people, companies and websites.
In doing so one of the early questions we wonder is whether the other side can
be trusted. Whether we do or not has a great deal to do with how the website and
interactions are designed for trust.
So how do we trust?
First, we trust people who are
including keeping promises on time and being competent, so they can deliver on
their promises. To design for reliability, it is important to manage
expectations, telling people what you will deliver, then always delivering, on
time, on budget, and to specification.
We also need honesty in forming trust, so we look for truthfulness. This can
be a problem when a site isi rying to sell us something as we may well suspect
exaggeration of good points and concealment of bad points. The site should never
knowingly mislead customers, as a betrayed customer gets angry, tells others,
and never returns.
The third leg of trust is care. We trust those who seem to care about us,
('do no harm') and the more helpful
Care as a component of trust is often forgotten, yet this has huge potential for
building trust. A site can show care with simple, good design that is
attractive, lets readers easily find what they need, and provides them with
quality information. Offering helpful tips and otherwise giving without asking
is likewise likely to make them feel good when they think of you.
And here are a few more things you can do with your site to build trust:
- Include photos and full details about your products, as well as easy
- Show photos of your people, smiling and looking good.
- Allow reviews and star rating of your products.
- Provide multiple ways for readers to contact you, such as email, phone
and online chat.
- Respond quickly and sympathetically to all communications.
- Don't be defensive about criticism. Ask for more information.
The bottom line is to keep thinking about trust. Everything you do can build
or destroy it -- and destruction is very easy, and can have devastating
consequences. Figure out what trust you need and act accordingly. Do not expect
blind loyalty -- web users are largely cynical about all the trickery that they
see every day. Also do not 'wing it' with 'that will do' type tweaks. Think hard
about trust and design for it, and, if you truly understand it, you will be far
more likely to get the powerful trust that you need.
Where will Bernie's votes go? The strange,
strange US Presidential elections may get stranger still
The US Presidential elections this year have already been a humdinger. Donald
Trump has confounded traditional Republicans by coming from the back to snatch
the nomination. And the Democrats have had themselves a pretty good race, with
socialist Bernie Sanders giving front-runner Hillary Clinton a darned good run
for her money. So it looks like, short of any catastrophic revelations, that it
will be Trump vs. Clinton.
A sensible conclusion is that Hillary will trounce Donald. Surely, there
can't be that number of Americans who would vote for a President Trump. Yet the
strangeness of this year's election could lead to not only lots of Republicans
voting for Hillary, but also lots of Democrats voting for Donald.
Support for Donald Trump within the establishment Republican party has been
slow, with a number of high-profile figures saying they will not vote for him.
I've also got personal friends who always vote Republican but who are terrified
at the thought of him becoming president. Many of these Republican
traditionalists and thinkers will surely not vote for Trump and may well vote
for Hillary as a protest or direct opposition to someone who they feel has
hi-jacked their nomination process.
Yet there is a global populist fire
raging, that has stirred up elections around the world. From the
recently-elected Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines to the machinations of
Syriza in Greece to the rise of UKIP in the UK, people are voting in their
masses against traditional politicians and for outsiders and new parties who
'tell it like it is' and seem to be anti-corruption. In America, Trump has
played this card very well, giving voice to many blue-collar workers who have
felt abandoned and betrayed by Washington. And on the other side of the fence,
Bernie Sanders, a self-confessed socialist, has raised the hopes of many
Democrats for a more honest government (while quietly ignoring the cost of many
of his proposed reforms, of course).
So where will Bernie's votes go?
I'd say that there are likely quite a few Democrats who like the populist
message, and who, perhaps even to their own surprise, would be rather attracted
to Donald Trump's non-traditional-Republican rhetoric. To add to this, Hillary
has already lost some large segments that should have liked her, such as younger
women. And these cynical Democratic Hillary-dislikers might just, like the
anti-Trump Republicans, vote for the other side rather than for her. A lot may
hinge on what Bernie asks of them when he (finally) concedes.
And don't forget Trump's mastery of persuasion. He wrote 'The Art of the
Deal' long ago and has been honing his persuasive skills ever since. He seems to
say awful things, but, perhaps not so remarkably, they have worked for him.
Expect him to change his tone soon as he woos swing voters and Democrats who are
not so taken with Hillary.
So, while Hillary may pick up a good number of anti-Trump Republican
electors, Trump may pick up populist-liking and anti-Hillary Democrats. And
given Trump's added expertise in manipulative politics, the race could be closer
than one might imagine.
Strange bedfellows: The idealists and the thugs
You could perhaps be forgiven for thinking idealists who seek some kind of
perfection are pretty much polar opposite to thugs who gain pleasure from wanton
harm. Yet there are times when they end up in the same bed.
A recent example is ISIS (or whatever you call it). On one hand, they are
religious idealists, seeking purity in their beliefs. And, on the other hand,
they seem to revel in atrocities. What is it that makes people seek perfection
yet resort to aggressive means? Is it about the end justifying the means?
It's not just terrorists who seek perfection through aggression. Try arguing
with any fundamentalist and you'll likely find they quickly become angry when
you contradict their beliefs. Anger is often a consequence of fear, as the
'fight or flight' response takes the fight route. When we are angry, we
effectively say 'Do as I want or I will harm you.' Christian history is littered
with wars, from the Crusades onwards, in which God is always on our side.
One of the telling aspects of the strange marriage of idealism and thuggery
can be seen in the degrading of recruitment strategies. At one time, they sought
true idealists, but when these started running out, they accepted those with
lesser religious ideals and just a greater desire to fight. The truth of the
human condition here is that there are more thugs than idealists. Thugs also
make useful front-line cannon fodder, allowing the elite idealists to stand back
Idealism and thuggery also appears in many organisations. You can see it in
politics, where ideals of equality easily turn into bully-boy tactics that just
seek compliance. It appears in business, where nice ideas of customer- and
employee-friendly companies get waylaid by the pressures of sales targets and
Those who survive with their idealism intact often seem to keep things small,
are very careful who they allow to join their peaceful group, and deal quickly
with any nascent aggression. Their senior people understand the dangers of
Machiavellian thuggery that, while achieving short-term goals will destroy
longer-term ideals. They build robust cultures that both ensure the organisation
survives and also that it does so without compromising core values.
How to be intimidating. Or not.
I recently had a conversation about intimidation with a person who was
concerned that they were scaring others, even when they tried not to do so. Here
are some of the thoughts that came out of that very interesting conversation.
Intimidating others means engendering fear, often with the purpose of
coercing them into doing something they do not want to do. We can also do this
accidentally or deliberately - the bottom line is that the other person feels a
degree of fear as a result of their encounter with us.
Ways we can intimidate others include:
- Staring at them, particularly without blinking.
- Getting too close to them,
entering their 'personal space'.
- Speaking aggressively, even about other people.
- Moving jerkily or suddenly, especially when you are close or when actions
simulate harm (eg. chopping motion or with fist).
- Behaving erratically and
unpredictably, so they do not know what you will say or do next.
The ease with which we can accidentally intimidate suggests that we might reflect on how
we act around others. Maybe we don't mean to be intimidating, yet it's
possible we sometimes are, though without really noticing it. Paradoxically,
when are act in intimidating ways, it is often a response to feeling intimidated
ourselves. We sense aggression and meet fire with fire, escalating our
aggressive stance. This can be overt and deliberate, but is often subtle and not
noticed, even by us. Yet even small changes in how we act can make others
A way to monitor this is to watch how other people react around you. Do they look alarmed? Do they back
away? Do they give you space? Do they avoid you altogether? If so, try to see
yourself through their eyes and decide consciously how you want them to respond
to you, and consequently how you need to act around them.
To be non-intimidating, just do the reverse of intimidating action. For
- Look warmly at them, but not for too long.
- Give them space and act respectfully.
- Listen attentively and act in kindly ways.
- Be positive about other people.
- Move smoothly and naturally. Keep hands open.
Who moved my table? Nobody, but I should have!
Last weekend I was helping out with 'Bee Friendly Monmouthshire' a local
voluntary group that is working to increase awareness and action in protecting
pollinators, including butterflies, moths, hoverflies and, of course bees.
There's around 260 varieties of wild bees in the UK and without them, farmers
would have to spend about £1.8B in artificial pollination, yet the pressures of
survival means they are still planting monocultures that limit pollinator feed,
cutting undergrowth where pollinators live and using poisons that kill
pollinators as well as pests.
But enough of that. Much of my work with BfM is in persuasive wording, but
last weekend I was just manning a stall at a country house nearby which was
opening its gardens to the public as a part of the
National Gardens Scheme.
The situation was that there was a set of tables selling various things just
next to the house, snagging visitors as they came to see the gardens. Near me
was a range of plant stalls, selling flowers and vegetable seedlings at quite
reasonable prices. I put my table a little away from them at what I thought was
a nice angle, in a curve nearer the front door of the house. People like bees, I
though. They'll come to see me as they walk in and not be distracted by the
I was quite wrong. I was not the bee. They were. The real attraction for
people coming to visit the gardens was the cheap plants. Not some guy in the
corner going on about bees.
What I should have done was to move my table up next to the plant stalls, so
as the visitors moved down the line, they ended up with me. But somehow I didn't
do this. Why? Because of embarrassment and pride. If I'd moved my table, I would
have to admit that I was wrong. Even if no words were exchanged with the other
stallholders, they would know -- I would be admitting to having been wrong.
Darn that pride. It stops us doing the right thing so often. Next time, I'll
swallow it. Really.
As, Bs and the Three Secrets of a Successful Life
I recently answered a question on Quora that asked 'My teacher said B
students will work for the A students. Is this true?'. I felt for the
student, whose situation I did not know. I also felt for the teacher -- I've
been there and motivating students can be a hugely frustrating task.
Here is my answer to the question. Yes, I know it's not quite the answer
asked. I was trying to answer the real question underneath:
What your teacher is probably really saying is that the students who are
getting Bs but who are capable of getting As are showing a tendency to be lazy.
Life is generally not kind to those who are lazy, and indeed they do tend to end
up working for people who are more diligent.
The secret of success is often described as 'hard work and luck', which
pretty much describes my life. I worked my socks off, had my fair share of luck
and retired from 'real' work at 58, although five years later I'm still as busy
as I've every been.
I've heard a number of successful people say that the harder they work, the
luckier they get, which suggests that what people call luck is not random
chance, but being able to see opportunities and then grasping them with both
hands. It also suggests that successful people are grateful for the
opportunities that they have had -- and as gratitude is closely linked with
happiness, this explains how you can be both successful and happy (and
relatively few people have both).
So what does this mean for you?
School is about opportunity. Take it, while you can. Grasp it with both hands
and see it as a fabulous chance to build a great future. Work hard, because
every hour invested now will likely pay you back hugely in the future.
If, after this, you get a B, then be grateful, because otherwise you would
probably have got a C or D. If you get an A, be grateful too, then seek the
step-up opportunities that this gives you. Even if you get a C or whatever, you
can still feel good because you have done your best. Look for strengths in other
subjects, because we all have different talents. Do not give up because failure
only happens when you stop trying.
Work hard. Grasp opportunities. Be grateful. It's the secret of a successful
Another great article! I loved the last paragraph. Will
add it to my quote list.
-- Ivan M.
Free Speech, Dignity and Tolerance
In free society, there are two counterbalancing sets of rights and duties.
Firstly, the right of free speech allows me to speak my mind without fear of
reprisal. This places a duty of tolerance on those who may dislike what I say.
On the other hand, there is also a right of dignity, whereby speakers have a
duty to be considerate in their speech, self-censoring before speaking.
This creates a continuing tension, where we want to express ourselves while
repressing others. This can be seen where opposing people each claim the right
and impose the duty that suits them best. A common instance is in religion,
where people of one faith are intolerant of people with different beliefs, yet
expect tolerance of their own outspoken views
There is a point in here about power, including personal power to speak and
act at will, as well as formal power of authority and law. The right of free
speech assumes those insulted are powerful enough to silence or take harmful
revenge on controversial speakers. Laws of free speech hence give protection to
speakers and place a duty on listeners to hold back any desire to attack. On the
other hand, the right of dignity assumes many are powerless to defend against
those who cause distress or orher harm by what they say. Laws here include those
around libel, harassment, equality and incitement.
It is a sad indictment of the human condition that we tend to selfish lack of
consideration. When insulted, we feel justified in responding harshly. Worse,
bullies gain pleasure in the distress of others as they boost their own sense of
control and power. To counteract this tendency, social norms and formal laws
form a structure that seeks to balance freedom and protection, moderating more
powerful people from using harmful speech or revenge against speakers.
There has in recent years been a steady increase in laws and norms that
support dignity over free speech. While the rights of the vulnerable are of
course important, this has transferred power to their protectors, some of whom
abuse this power as they seek to silence their critics while trumpeting their
own cause. The move to dignity rights has also led to increasing sensitivity,
where people take insult more easily. Paradoxically, this leads to a more
paranoid and less tolerant society. Indeed, the outrage that intolerance
provokes can be linked to much modern conflict.
For people of different beliefs to coexist, perhaps we need to rebalance a
little, allowing more insult and expecting more toleration than outrage. The
happy medium should be both a right to talk without fear of reprisals, and a
duty to be tolerant of those who speak their minds. When we express our views,
we should be both fearless and considerate, not just one or the other.
How do you deal with someone who has a
I sometimes respond to questions on Quora,
in which I try to encourage people to be positive and thoughtful. Here's one I
wrote recently on the question of how to handle people who always seem to act in
a superior way, as if they are better than you and you are inferior. It's an
annoying situation that we all face, some on a daily basis.
First watch them. Do they act superior with everyone, or mostly you? If the
latter, then look for things you do that unintentionally encourages them. For
example do you feel inferior at any level? You can also ask a trusted friend who
can see both of you in action.
Also think: what exactly do they do that bothers me? Why does it bother me?
The above may offer you a way to change how you react to them that helps you
You can also try to understand what is driving them to act this way. It may
be a reaction to them feeling inferior and over-compensating. If you can get a
better handle on how they are thinking and feeling, you will have a far better
chance of managing the situation.
Much human behaviour is based in the desire for status. You can see it in
many everyday conversations and the way we try to impress people and get their
approval. You also see it in the way people try to push others down so they can
(relatively) rise. This can lead to status battles, where the real issue is not
about business and not about respect. The pattern is often win-lose. At best
both people get a little out of most encounters. At worst it is lose-lose.
Try to step away from status and win-lose thinking. Try moving the
conversation and situation towards win-win. They will often resist this as they
see you winning as them losing. Persist with adult, peer interactions (not
parent-child) with them. Be authentic. Be patient. Avoid being negative.
You can fight back, but only do so when you have given the positive approach
a good go. Only do so when you are ready. Do not pick a fight you will lose. Aim
for short, sharp responses that will make them think hard about what they are
doing (and give them time to do this).
In the end, if they cannot move from their superiority position and insist on
taking more than they give, then go elsewhere. If they are friends, dump them.
If they are people at work, move to another position or get another job
Populism and terrorism: two trends with a common
There has recently been a spate of populist
politics around the world, from Syriza in Greece to Podemas in Spain to UKIP in
the UK. It works with individuals too, and the popularity of Donald Trump and
Bernie Sanders in the USA presidential primaries plays to the same basic
Imagine you are young, possibly unemployed and finding life incredibly tough.
Your pay is low, rents are high and rocketing, and the general gap between where
you are and where you would like to be seems to be widening way faster than you
could ever catch up. Your future, if you ever had one, seems to be fading even
before you got going. You see older generations or middle classes who are doing
ok and feel you will never have it as good as them. You see fat cats in business
who pay themselves enormous salaries and even bigger bonuses. Politicians
naturally suck up to these richer voters and seem to have all but abandoned you.
And, for that matter, your friends and maybe your entire family.
Imagine alternatively that you have moved to a new country, or perhaps your
parents did. From birth, you are an outsider. Yes, you have your local
community, but the older people just hark on about the old country which you
know little about. You faced bias and bullying when growing up. Then much of the
jobs market seems closed to you. And when some idiot who only has the same
religion as you commits a terrorist act, you are suddenly a prime suspect, being
stopped or ignored even more. You feel abandoned, outside the system. Even if
you were doing well within the system, perhaps working towards a well-respected
profession, you know you will always be treated with suspicion.
Then somebody comes along who understands your plight. They criticize the
corrupt establishment who do not understand you and care even less. They promise
to make things better. They say your world will be so much nicer, if only you
follow them. So you do. You like them. You may even get to love them, for at
last here is someone with who you can connect. And when their rhetoric is
criticized by outsiders, this only serves to intensify your connection with
them. Of course those establishment people will criticize, just like they always
have. What do they care about you? Not like your new leader, who truly
understands you, who will fix things for you, and for who you will do goodness
Populism and terrorism are not the same, but they target very similar
audiences and hook them in the same way, by first empathizing and then
converting. It is not surprising that outsiders going to Trump rallies have
found them pretty scary, or that Trump scares many establishment Republicans.
The same is probably true within religious groups, where the radicals attract
the disaffected and terrifies the mainstream.
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