How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
If A is X and B is X then the group to which A and B belong are all X.
Given a number of unrelated items, they are taken as being members of a distinct group, about which general attributes may be identified.
These attributes may well be taken from a limited number of items or parts and generalized up to the whole.
All people in this town are idiots.
These two tools are blunt. The whole box of tools must be blunt.
Oxygen and hydrogen are gases at room temperature. Therefore water (H20) is a gas at room temperature.
The generalization that is taking place may be due to sloppy thinking or may be a deliberate way of seeking a general rule (which may then be applied deductively elsewhere).
Composition is one of Aristotle's 13 fallacies.
Also known as
Generalization, Faulty Induction