9. In dry, level country, take up an easily accessible position with rising
ground to your right and on your rear, so that the danger may be in front, and
safety lie behind. So much for campaigning in flat country.
||The easiest of
territories for marching is flat, dry ground, across which an army
can travel quickly. Enemies can be seen from a distance and
preparations made, for example by moving uphill to a stronger
The point about rising ground to the right and not the
left seems likely to be relevant to a particular situation. In
practice, either may be equally good or one preferred due to other
|10. These are the four useful branches of military knowledge which enabled
the Yellow Emperor to vanquish four several sovereigns.
||The four terrains
that affect marching are high ground, rivers, salt marshes and dry
In general the idea is to understand the ground over
which you are travelling, knowing the advantage
and disadvantage these may confer.
In business, the changing
competitive landscape also provides contexts to be avoided and
points at which decisions are needed.