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Omission Training

 

Techniques Conditioning > Omission Training

Description | Example | Discussion | See also

 

Description

Omission training is a schedule of reinforcement that acts to reduce unwanted actions.

  • First set a target situation and period for the subject to not take the unwanted actions. With people, explain the system beforehand and get their agreement to cooperate.
  • Make it clear when the omission period is beginning.
  • Reward the subject when they reach these targets.
  • Gradually extend the periods until the target can not act in unwanted ways for long periods.

Be careful in this not to cause other unwanted actions, such as a dog drooling while waiting to be fed.

Example

A dog trainer stops a dog jumping up by getting it to sit when it is excited and then wait until they are told they can stand.

A student who interrupts too often is told that each time they do not interrupt for a whole five minutes they will get a point in the school reward system. This encourages them to hold back and interrupt less often.

Discussion

Omission training can be used in tandem with other procedures, such as building alternative, more desirable actions.

Omission training is also known as Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior, or Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior, or just DRO.

See also

Delaying

 

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