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Pronoun types

 

Techniques > Use of language > Parts of speech > Using pronouns > Pronoun types

Personal | Possessive | Reflexive | Interrogative | Demonstrative | See also

 

Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns may be the subject or object of a sentence. They are a replacement for a name of person or thing or group.

An important element for changing minds is that they signal Identity, both individually (note the capital letter 'I') and collectively. The can also signal identity by contrast of separation, talking about things and other people.

 

  Subject Object
First person singular I me
Second person singular you you
Third person singular: masculine he him
Third person singular: feminine she her
Third person singular: neutral it it
First person plural we us
Second person plural you you
Third person plural they them

 

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns shows ownership for each of pronouns. They are significant for changing minds in that much persuasion is about possession -- if not of physical items (as in sales) then of ideas, beliefs and values (as in religious proselytizing).

For the sake of completeness and clarity, possessive adjectives are also shown here, as these are easily confused with possessive pronouns.

 

  Possessive pronoun Possessive adjective
First person singular mine my
Second person singular yours your
Third person singular: masculine his his
Third person singular: feminine hers her
Third person singular: neutral its its
First person plural ours our
Second person plural yours your
Third person plural theirs their

 

Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns talk reflexively about the person, thing or group, thus turning it in on itself.

In changing minds, there is a confirming aspect to reflexive pronouns, as 'my-self' effectively repeats the identity reference.

 

First person singular myself
Second person singular yourself
Third person singular: masculine himself
Third person singular: feminine herself
Third person singular: neutral itself
First person plural ourselves
Second person plural yourselves
Third person plural themselves

 

Interrogative pronouns

Interrogative pronouns ask questions of people and things. You cannot ask 'who' of yourself or another person.

In changing minds, asking 'who' places the person in the objective third person. Making something objective reduced emotion, although interrogative questions can seem like interrogation and be rather emotive.

Interrogative pronouns include who, whom, which, what.

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns, including this, that, these, those, show a contrast between things that are cognitively close or distant.

See also

Connecting with pronouns, Pronouns and possession

 

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