1. Sun Tzu said: We come now to the question of encamping the army, and
observing signs of the enemy. Pass quickly over mountains, and keep in the
neighborhood of valleys.
|Although high places
can be strategically important to hold, when on the march they may
yet offer a net disadvantage.
High places are not the same as
smaller hills which give sight all around and which can be
High places can be bare, cold and lack
resources for keeping the army fed. Armies in high places may also
be spotted from multiple other locations.
High places can leave you with your back to a mountain with the
only route being down. This can lead to you becoming trapped.
Valleys offer more space in which to manoeuver. You can hide a
large army in a valley, with only a few sentries in the high places
to prevent ambush.
|2. Camp in high places, facing the sun. Do not climb heights in order to
fight. So much for mountain warfare.
|If you must camp
high, doing so facing the sun will provide more warmth to compensate
for the cold (although armies can hide more effectively in the
It is good to be in high places to fire down on an enemy below,
but fighting in high places is difficult unless you know the terrain
well. It is harder to move and the crags may hide enemies who know
the territory better than you.