How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
Goal-setting is the process whereby a person is motivated to achieve a given target.
Goals provide specific objectives and target that a person is trying to achieve, and should be clear, challenging and achievable.
Useful concepts when considering goals include:
Goals may be set in a formal context where all activity is agreed for a specific period. They are often set informally and sometime very unclearly -- every time you ask somebody for something that will require them to take time, you are setting goals.
Once goals are set, progress towards achieving them may be monitored on a regular basis. This may be done formally, with reporting of specific achievements and showing of quantitative metrics. It may also be done informally, for example through conversation and simple meetings.
Feedback is important to enable the person learn where they are relative to their goals. This may be given in alignment with monitoring. It is important for motivation that feedback is presented in a way that leaves the person with a positive motivation to achieve the goals.
Expectancy Theory predicts that people will perform well in easy jobs and not so well in hard jobs.
Goal-Setting Theory predicts that:
Criticisms of goal-setting include that it:
And the big