How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
The hindbrain, or rhombencephalon surrounds the fourth ventricle.
The metencephalon is made up of the cerebellum and the pons.
Damage to the cerebellum affects standing, walking and coordinated movements.
The locus coeruleus is a nucleus in the dorsal pons made up of noradrenergic neurons. Axons from these cells project to many areas including the hypothalamus, thalamus, basal ganglia, amygdala, neocortex and spinal cord.
The medulla oblongata ('oblong marrow') is involved in vital functions such as cardiovascular regulation and respiration.
It includes a section of the reticular formation.
The area postrema is an area within the medulla that controls vomiting. The blood-brain barrier is weaker in this area of the brain. In this way toxins in the blood can be monitored and the vomit reaction triggered as needed.