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Hindbrain

 

Explanations > Brains > Parts > Hindbrain

Metencephalon | Myelencephalon | See also

 

The hindbrain, or rhombencephalon surrounds the fourth ventricle.

Metencephalon

The metencephalon is made up of the cerebellum and the pons.

Cerebellum

The cerebellum ('little brain') has two hemispheres and resembles a small cerebrum. It is connected to the pons by bundles of axons called the cerebellar peduncles ('little feet').

Damage to the cerebellum affects standing, walking and coordinated movements.

Pons

The pons is a large bulge on the side of the brain stem. It includes a section of the reticular formation. It is involved in sleep and arousal.

The locus coeruleus is a nucleus in the dorsal pons made up of noradrenergic neurons. Axons from these cells project to many areas including the hypothalamus, thalamus, basal ganglia, amygdala, neocortex and spinal cord.

Myelencephalon

Medulla

The medulla oblongata ('oblong marrow') is involved in vital functions such as cardiovascular regulation and respiration.

It includes a section of the reticular formation.

Area postrema

The area postrema is an area within the medulla that controls vomiting. The blood-brain barrier is weaker in this area of the brain. In this way toxins in the blood can be monitored and the vomit reaction triggered as needed.

See also

Midbrain, Brainstem

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