changingminds.org

How we change what others think, feel, believe and do

| Menu | Quick | Books | Share | Search | Settings |

Judith Butler

 

Explanations > Critical Theory > Judith Butler

Performativity | Gendering | Gender | See also

 

Judith Butler (1956-) is an American post-structuralist feminist philosopher who has contributed significantly to gender studies and Queer theory.

Performativity

Butler defined 'performativity' based on Austin's Speech Act Theory. Performatives are utterances that perform the action to which they refer.

Butler used this to consider how gender is created rather than being a pre-existing state. It has been used, for example, to indicate how pornography is less a form of speech as a performative act of sexual degradation.

Performativity is related to suture and interpellation in the way it forces a situation.

Gendering

Gender is a cultural meaning that is attached to people, and not an inherent attribute.

Gendering is a performative act that creates the female, starting with 'It's a girl'. Acting in 'girl' ways thus is what makes a person a 'girl', although this is really a fiction.

The 'girling' continues as the child is interpellated into the subject position, with all its cultural norms (including taboos on incest and homosexuality).

Gender

Gender is not a stable concept and may be subverted or 'queered' by such as cross-dressing and 'drag', even where the person is heterosexual.

In 'Gender Trouble', Butler shows how binaries such as queer-straight, male-female, can be reversed, re-orientated and revised to new meaning. In the 1990s, gay people revised the meaning of 'queer' from an original abuse to something acceptable.

See also

Speech Act Theory, Subject, Queer theory

Butler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble, Routledge

 

Site Menu

| Home | Top | Quick Links | Settings |

Main sections: | Disciplines | Techniques | Principles | Explanations | Theories |

Other sections: | Blog! | Quotes | Guest articles | Analysis | Books | Help |

More pages: | Contact | Caveat | About | Students | Webmasters | Awards | Guestbook | Feedback | Sitemap | Changes |

Settings: | Computer layout | Mobile layout | Small font | Medium font | Large font | Translate |

 

You can buy books here

More Kindle books:

And the big
paperback book


Look inside

 

Please help and share:

 

Quick links

Disciplines

* Argument
* Brand management
* Change Management
* Coaching
* Communication
* Counseling
* Game Design
* Human Resources
* Job-finding
* Leadership
* Marketing
* Politics
* Propaganda
* Rhetoric
* Negotiation
* Psychoanalysis
* Sales
* Sociology
* Storytelling
* Teaching
* Warfare
* Workplace design

Techniques

* Assertiveness
* Body language
* Change techniques
* Closing techniques
* Conversation
* Confidence tricks
* Conversion
* Creative techniques
* General techniques
* Happiness
* Hypnotism
* Interrogation
* Language
* Listening
* Negotiation tactics
* Objection handling
* Propaganda
* Problem-solving
* Public speaking
* Questioning
* Using repetition
* Resisting persuasion
* Self-development
* Sequential requests
* Storytelling
* Stress Management
* Tipping
* Using humor
* Willpower

Principles

* Principles

Explanations

* Behaviors
* Beliefs
* Brain stuff
* Conditioning
* Coping Mechanisms
* Critical Theory
* Culture
* Decisions
* Emotions
* Evolution
* Gender
* Games
* Groups
* Habit
* Identity
* Learning
* Meaning
* Memory
* Motivation
* Models
* Needs
* Personality
* Power
* Preferences
* Research
* Relationships
* SIFT Model
* Social Research
* Stress
* Trust
* Values

Theories

* Alphabetic list
* Theory types

And

About
Guest Articles
Blog!
Books
Changes
Contact
Guestbook
Quotes
Students
Webmasters

 

| Home | Top | Menu | Quick Links |

© Changing Works 2002-2016
Massive Content — Maximum Speed