How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
What are the basic emotions? As ever, theorists disagree. Ortony and Turner (1990) collated a wide range of research on identification of basic emotions.
Here is a deeper list of emotions as described in Shaver et al. (2001), where emotions were categorised into a short tree structure.
There are also moves to minimize the number of basic emotions. Jack et al. (2014) analyzed the 42 facial muscles which shape emotions in the face and came up with only four basic emotions. Starting from the Ekman group of anger, fear, surprise, disgust, happiness and sadness, they found fear and surprise are similar, with 'eyes wide open' as the person increases visual attention. Anger and disgust are also similar, both starting with nose wrinkling.
Learn to recognise emotions at increasing levels of detail. If you can see the emotion, then you can respond appropriately to it.
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