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Multi-Store Model of Memory

 

Explanations > Memory > Multi-Store Model of Memory

Description | Discussion | So what?

 

Description

This is a very common model of memory that assumes there are different types of memory that are used for different tasks. In particular, these link together in an effective sequence.

Three stages of a multi-store memory are Sensory memory, Short-term memory and Long-term memory.

 

Sensory
memory

Short-term memory

Long-term
memory

 

Discussion

The multi-store model generally assumes memory is passive and that there are separate cognitive methods by which it is used. Thus, like a computer memory, it needs a separate processor to insert and retrieve memories.

James (1890) described a two-part model of memory, with primary and secondary storage (that equate to short- and long-term memory). Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) describe the three-store model.

So what?

Understand each type of memory and how information is processed differently. Then play to the different ways that the mind works at each stage.

See also

Sensory memory, Short-term memory, Long-term memory

 

Atkinson, R.C. and Shiffrin, R.M. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. In K. W. Spence and J. T. Spence (Eds) The psychology o fkearning and motivation (Vol 2). London: Academic Press

James, W. (1890). Principles of Psychology, New York: Holt

 

 

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