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Four Motivations

 

Explanations > Motivation > Four Motivations

External | Introjected | Identified | Intrinsic | So what?

 

Here are four different types of motivation that can impel people to act.

 

 

Four motivations

Action
Action Non-action

Source

External
Internal
 

Extrinsic

 

Identified
 

Intrinsic

 

Introjected

 

Extrinsic Motivation

Extrinsic motivation comes from outside us. We do it because we are impelled to, for example because we are told to by someone who has power over us.

Many employment motivation systems work on the principle of extrinsic reward, where people are 'bought' and then commanded. Whilst this is effective for simple activities, it is less useful when you want a person to be self-driven.

Intrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic motivation is done for internal reasons, for example to align with values or simply for the hedonistic pleasure of doing something.

In work, people are intrinsically motivated by working for an inspiring leader or in areas where they have a personal interest.

Introjected Motivation

Introjected motivation is similar to intrinsic motivation in that it is internalized. The distinctive aspect of this is that if it is not done, then the person feels the tension of guilt.

Identified Motivation

Identified motivation is where a person knows that something needs doing but has not yet decided to do anything about it.

So what?

Understand the four motivations and use them in your persuasive methods.

See also

Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Introjection, Self-Determination Theory

 

Deci, E. L. and Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum

Ryan, R.M. and Deci, E.L. (2000). Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations, Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25, 54–67

 

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