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Big five factors

 

Explanations > Preferences > Big five factors

The Big Five | DiscussionSo what?

 

The 'Big Five' were derived as a simplified set of personality indicators.

The Big Five

When working with other people five characteristics/traits/preferences are a lot easier to remember than sixteen. This also leads to the obvious criticism that we are much more than 'five traits'.

Using the first letters of the first three factors, the term NEO often appears in descriptions, particularly of the formal assessment. The initial letters are also sometimes arranged to spell OCEAN (or CANOE).

 

Big Five Factor

(16PF equivalent)

Describes

Neuroticism

(Anxiety)

  • Anxiety
  • Angry Hostility
  • Depression
  • Self-Consciousness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Vulnerability

Extraversion

(Extraversion)

  • Warmth
  • Gregariousness
  • Assertiveness
  • Activity
  • Excitement-Seeking
  • Positive Emotions

Openness

(Tough-minded)

  • Fantasy
  • Aesthetics
  • Feelings
  • Actions
  • Ideas
  • Values

Agreeableness

(Independence)

  • Trust
  • Straightforwardness
  • Altruism
  • Compliance
  • Modesty
  • Tender-mindedness

Conscientiousness

(Self-control)

  • Competence
  • Order
  • Dutifulness
  • Achievement
  • Striving
  • Self-Discipline
  • Deliberation

 

Discussion

Four of the big five are widely agreed, but there has been debate about Openness, with alternatives including Culture, Intellect, Imagination, and Openness to experience.

Compared to later-borns, first borns tend to be:

  • Higher on Conscientiousness & Neuroticism.
  • Lower on Agreeableness & Openness to experience.
  • Higher on assertive and dominance aspects of Extraversion, lower on sociability aspects.

Also compared to men, women tend to be:

  • Much higher on Agreeableness.
  • Slightly higher on Conscientiousness.
  • Lower on assertiveness and dominance aspects of Extraversion, higher on sociability.

So what?

So memorize these and use them to assess people as you meet them and hence generalize to other situations.

You can also use one of the assessments tests available for more formal exploration.

See also

16PF

Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative “description of personality”: The big-five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1216-1229

Costa, P.T. Jr, & McCrae, R.R. (1985). The NEO Personality Inventor. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

Elshout, J.J., & Akkerman, A.E. (1975). Vijf persoonlijkheids-faktoren test 5 PFT. Nijmegen, The Netherlands: Berhout Nijmegen [the first test for the big five]

Furnham, A. (1996). The big five vs the big four: The relationship between the Myers–Briggs type indicator (MBTI) and NEO-PI five factor model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 303–307.

 

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