How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
Big five factors
The 'Big Five' were derived as a simplified set of personality indicators.
When working with other people five characteristics/traits/preferences are a lot easier to remember than sixteen. This also leads to the obvious criticism that we are much more than 'five traits'.
Using the first letters of the first three factors, the term NEO often appears in descriptions, particularly of the formal assessment. The initial letters are also sometimes arranged to spell OCEAN (or CANOE).
Four of the big five are widely agreed, but there has been debate about Openness, with alternatives including Culture, Intellect, Imagination, and Openness to experience.
Compared to later-borns, first borns tend to be:
Also compared to men, women tend to be:
So memorize these and use them to assess people as you meet them and hence generalize to other situations.
You can also use one of the assessments tests available for more formal exploration.
Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative “description of personality”: The big-five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1216-1229
Costa, P.T. Jr, & McCrae, R.R. (1985). The NEO Personality Inventor. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Elshout, J.J., & Akkerman, A.E. (1975). Vijf persoonlijkheids-faktoren test 5 PFT. Nijmegen, The Netherlands: Berhout Nijmegen [the first test for the big five]
Furnham, A. (1996). The big five vs the big four: The relationship between the Myers–Briggs type indicator (MBTI) and NEO-PI five factor model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 303–307.