The Seven Virtues
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> The Seven Virtues
When Pope Gregory defined the seven deadly sins
that we should avoid, he also included a counter-balancing set of values that we
should espouse and adopt. These are:
- Faith is belief in the right
things (including the virtues!).
- Hope is taking a positive
future view, that good will prevail.
- Charity is concern for, and
active helping of, others.
- Fortitude is never giving up.
- Justice is being fair and
equitable with others.
- Prudence is care of and
moderation with money.
- Temperance is moderation of
needed things and abstinence from things which are not needed.
The first three of these are known as the Spiritual Virtues, whilst
the last four are called the Chief or Natural Virtues. The Natural
Virtues had already been defined by Greek philosophers, whilst the Spiritual
Virtues are a slight variation on St. Paul's trio of Love, Hope and Faith
(due to variation in translation from the original: Charity and Love arguably
have a high level of overlap).
There are also a number of other sets of virtues, including:
- The Seven Contrary Virtues which are specific opposites to the
Seven Deadly Sins: Humility against pride, Kindness against envy,
against gluttony, Chastity against lust, Patience against anger,
against greed, and Diligence against sloth.
- The Theological Virtues: Love, Hope and Faith,
as defined by St. Paul (who placed love as the greatest of them all).
- The four Cardinal Virtues: Prudence, Temperance,
Courage and Justice.
- The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity,
Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.
- The Seven Corporal Works of Mercy are a medieval list of things you
can do to help others: feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, give
shelter to strangers, clothe the naked, visit the sick, minister to
prisoners, and bury the dead.
- The Seven Bushido Virtues: Right decisions, Valor, Benevolence,
Respect, Honesty, Honor, and Loyalty.
If you follow the virtues, you will be seen as a good person who is to be
trusted. If you assume and act as if others follow the virtues, then they are
more likely to do so.
You can also be seen as being bold and daring if you break the virtues. Many
modern groups (most notably youth) deliberately form their own identity by going
against the values of others, so be aware of the other person's real values.
The Ten Commandments, The Seven Deadly Sins,